Biographical Index A - L

SEE ALSO Borgias Home I The Borgias Historical Profiles


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Who's who in the saga of the Borgias? Historical chronicles and correspondence are riddled with different spellings of proper names, regional versions of the same name, and duplicate names of members of the same family. This guide lists the name, dates, and description of people actual historical events loosely depicted in the Showtime Series*

HISTORICAL FIGURE BORN - DIED HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE




Alegre, Yves d' died 1512 French General on the Italian expeditions of Charles VIII and Louis XII
Alfonso V, King of Aragon and Naples 1396-1458 King of Aragon from 1416. Conquered Naples and was recognized as Alfonso I King of Naples from 1443
Alfonso II, Duke of Calabria, then King of Naples 1448-1495 (Alphonso) Eldest son of King Ferrante of Naples, Duke of Calabria until ascended throne of Naples in 1494, but after French invasion, abdicated in January 1495 and died later in the year
Alfonso, Duke of Bisceglie 1481-1500 (Alfonso of Aragon) Illegitimate son of Alfonso II of Naples. Became Lucrezia's second husband in 1498, and was murdered at Rome in 1500
Baglioni, Giovanni Paolo 1472-1520 (Gian Paolo) Ruler of Perugia. Driven out of possessions after conspiring against Cesare Borgia in 1502, but regained Perugia on Alexander's death
Bajazet, Sultan 1446-1512 Bajazet II of Turkey, elder brother of Sultan Djem. Succeeded to throne in 1481
Bentivoglio, Giovanni II 1443-1508 Italian nobleman and lord of the city of Bologna, noted condottiero who fought for the Sforza in 1477, for Ferrara in 1482, and successfully resisted Cesare Borgia during the conquest of neighboring Romagnol cities. He was driven out of Bologna in 1506 by Pope Julius II.
Borgia, Angela born 1491 Cousin and lady in waiting to Lucrezia Borgia at ferrara, married Count Alessandro Pio da Carpi in about 1518. Noted for her beauty and elegance
Borgia, Cesare 1475-1507 (Cesar) Eldest son of Alexander VI and Vannozza Catanei. Was Cardinal of Valencia from 1493 to 1498, but was then created Duke of Valentinois and married to Charlotte d'Albret, Louis XII's neice. As Captain-General of the Church (1500) and Duke of Romagna (1501), he destroyed the power of the condottieri at Sinigallia (1502). After his father's death he was imprisoned by Pope Julius II at Rome, and from 1504 to 1506 was held in Spain. Died fighting in service of brother-in-law, the King of Navarre.
Borgia, Giovanni 1470-1500 (the younger) Grand-nephew of Rodrigo Borgia. Created Cardinal in 1496, and was closely involved in Cesare's political scemes before death in 1500
Borgia, Giovanni born 1498 (infans romanum) Officially son of Pope Alexander VI and unnamed Roman lady. Created Duke of Camerino in 1502, but Varano family took the duchy back after Alexander's death. Reared by aid of Lucrezia Borgia, but lived recklessly and died poor
Borgia, Joffre born 1482 (Gioffredo) Youngest son of Alexander and Vannozza. Created Prince of Squillace in 1494 and married (1) Sancia of Aragon, illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso II (2) Maria de Mila (sometimes spelled Milan)
Borgia, Juan 1476-1497 (Giovanni) Second son of Alexander and Vannozza. Became second Duke of Gandia on death of half-brother Pedro Luis in 1488, and in 1493 married his widow, Maria Enriquez. Captain-General of the Church in 1496 and 1497 for the first unsuccessful Borgia campaign against Orsini. Was murdered mysteriously at Rome in 1497
Borgia, Lucrezia 1480-1519 Daughter of Alexander and Vannozza. Was married to (1) Giovanni Sforza, Vicar of Pesaro, in 1494. Marriage annulled in 1497, (2) Alfonso, Duke of Bisceglie, in 1498, (3) Alfonso d'Este, heir to the duchy of Ferrara in 1501. Became Duchess of Ferrara in 1505
Borgia, Pedro Luis 1458-1488 Alexander's first son, by an unknown mistress. Created first Duke of Gandia in Spain by King Ferdinand II of Aragon
Borgia, Rodrigo 1431-1503 Pope Alexander VI. Earlier was appointed by uncle, Pope Callixtus III, as Archbishop and Cardinal of Valencia (1456), and Papal Vice-Chancellor (1457). Father of Cesare, Juan, Lucrezia, and Jofre Borgia
Borgia, Rodrigo born 1503 Posthumous son of Alexander, born to Giulia Farnese. Later became a monk and lived in obscurity
Burchard, Johann c. 1450 - 1506 (Johannes Burckhart) Papal master of ceremonies during the reigns of Popes Sixtus IV, Innocent VIII, and Alexander VI. Compiled detailed chronicle of events over which he presided and organized, called both Liber Notarium and Diarium
Carlotta of Aragon born c.1478 Princess of Naples. Daughter of Federigo (Frederick) of Aragon, King of Naples from 1496-1501, refused to marry Cesare in 1498
Cattanei, Vannozza 1442 - 1518 (Giovanna Cataneo) Mistress of Alexander VI before he bacme pope, and mother of Cesare, Juan, Lucrezia, and Jofre Borgia. Was married three times, last of all to Carlo di Canale, after whose death she lived as a respected and wealthy widow in Rome
Charles VIII, King of France 1470 - 1498 Ascended throne of France as a minor in 1483. Invaded Italy in 1494 and conquered Naples in following year before compelled to abandon conquests. Planning further invasion when died of an "attack" or a head injury at Blois
Charlotte d'Albret 1480 - 1514 daughter of Alain d'Albret, a powerful French aristocrat. Cesare Borgia was married to her in 1499, after Cesare had been created the Duke of Valentinois, she bore him one daughter, Louise Borgia, who inherited the duchy of Valentinois after her father's death
Colonna, Cardinal died 1508 (Giovanni Colonna) Brother of Prospero Colonna
Colonna, Fabrizio died 1520 Cousin of Prospero and Cardinal Giovanni Colonna. As professional military commander, fought first for King Ferrante and then for French against Aragonese and Pope in 1494, but thereafter loyally supported King Federigo until dissolution of Kingdom of Naples in 1501
Colonna, Prospero 1452-1523 Brother of Cardinal Giovanni Colonna and judged as one of the great army commanders of the age. Was imprisoned by Alexander in 1494 when he allied with the French, but subsequently served King Federigo of Naples until 1501. Thereafter fought for Spain in Naples
Cordoba, Gonsalvo Fernandez de 1453 - 1515 (Gonsalvo Fernandez) Spanish Commander-in-Chief for King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Aided Borgias in campaigns in 1497, but later secured southern Italy for Spain in division of Neapolitan Kingdom, and refused to release cesare Borgia in 1504 after Pope Julius II had allowed him to leave Rome
Djem, Prince c. 1460-1495 (Cem)Younger son of Sultan Mehmet II and brother of Sultan Bajazet II, against whom he unsuccessfully rebelled in 1481. Figured in diplomatic negotiations between Turks and Christians, died in custody at Naples in 1495
Enriquez de Luna, Maria c. 1475-1539 Cousin of King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Betrothed first to Pedro Luis Borgia, first Duke of Gandia, but after his death was married in 1493 to his half-brother and heir, Juan Borgia
Este, Alfonso d' 1476-1534 (Alfonso I d'Este) Eldest son of Duke Ercole d'Este of Ferrara. Married Lucrezia Borgia in 1501 and became Duke of Ferrara in 1505
Este, Cardinal Ippolito d' 1479-1520 (Ippolito d'Este) Son of Ercole d'Este, patron of Ludovico Ariosto
Este, Ercole d' 1431-1505 (Ercole I d'Este) Duke of Ferrara from 1471 and head of one of Italy's oldest noble families. Allied with Charles VIII in French invasion of Italy in 1494, and later agreed to Borgia marriage alliance
Este, Isabella d' 1474-1539 Marchesa of Mantua, daughter of Ercole I de'Este, Duke of Ferrara. She was an avid art collector, regent for husband and son, adept politican and expert administrator, leading lady of fashion
Este, Beatrice d' 1475-1497 Duchess of Milan, daughter of Ercole I, d'Este Duke of Ferrara, wife of Ludovico Maria Sforza, one of the lovliest princesses of the age, died young after the birth of a child, mother of the two last Dukes of Milan who were placed and displaced by the Italian Wars of 1510-1527
Farnese, Cardinal Alessandro 1468-1549 (Alessandro Farnese) Brother of Giulia Farnese. Created cardinal in 1493, and in 1534 became Pope Paul III. Known as the "Petticoat Cardinal" due to his sister's influence with Pope Alexander VI
Farnese, Giulia 1474-1524 Related to Borgias through marriage to Orsino Orsini in 1489. Alexander's mistress during his reign, and bore him at least two children, Giovanni and Rodrigo (possibly Laura, though never acknowledged by the pope)
Federigo, Don (king of Naples) 1451 - 1504 (Frederick IV) Second son of King Ferrante of Naples. Prince of Altamura, became King of Naples in 1496, but abdicated in 1501 and retired to France as Lord of Anjou
Ferdinand II, King of Aragon 1452 - 1516 King Ferdinand II of Aragon from 1479, joint ruler of Spain and Sicily with Queen Isabella of castile. Cousin of Ferrante of Naples, and aimed to recover south Italy for Spanish control. Generally favorable to Alexander VI, whose support he secured for dismembering Neapolitan kingdom in 1501
Fermo, Oliverotto da 1475 - 1503 Condottiero allied to Orsini and with them fought for Cesare Borgia until 1502. Conspired with the Orsini, Vitellozzo Vitelli, Giovanni Paolo Baglioni, and Pandolfo Petrucci in plans to assassinate Cesare at the meeting called "La Magione." Cesare found out and had him killed along with Vitelli and the others at Sinigallia
Ferrante I, King of Naples 1431 - 1494 d'Aragona (Ferdinand I) King of Naples, illegitimate son of King Alfonso I of Naples. Succeeded to throne in 1458, despite papal opposition, and remained on uneasy terms with popes, while consistently hostile to French and the Sforza
Ferrantino/Ferrante II, King of Naples 1467 - 1496 d'Aragona (Ferdinand II) King of Naples, son of King Alfonso II of Naples. Appointed Duke of Calabria during father's one-year reign (1494). Succeeded to throne when Alfonso abdicated in January 1495. Recovered realm from French, but died of fever in 1496
Gabania, Francesco unknown Private Chamberlain to Alexander VI
Ganay, Jean died 1512 President of Paris Parlement who accompanied Charles VIII to Italy in 1494. Later French Ambassador to Pope Alexander VI, and created Grand Chancellor of France
Gonzaga, Gian Francesco 1466 - 1519 (Francesco II) Marquis of mantua Husband of Isabella d'Este, and brother-in-law to Alfonso d'Este, noted condottiere who worked for Milan and Venice in turn
Henry VII, King of England 1457-1509 Henry Tudor, King of England from 1485 - 1509
Innocent VIII, Pope 1432 - 1492 Giovanni Battista Cibo, reigned from 1484 - 1492
Isabella of Aragon 1470 - 1524 Duchess of Milan from 1489 - 1494, wife of Duke Gian Galeazzo Sforza who was usurped by his uncle Ludovico Sforza. Granddaughter of King Ferdinand I of Naples, and daughter of Alfonso , Duke of Calabria
Isabella of Castile and Aragon 1451-1504 Queen of Castile and Leon, wife of Ferdinand of Aragon, King of Aragon, Sicily, and after 1504, Naples. Together they ruled over what we now know as Spain
Leonardo da Vinci 1452 - 1519 Florentine painter, sculptor and engineer. Worked for Ludovico Sforza from 1480s - 1499, then for Cesare Borgia from 1500 - 1503
Louis XII, King of France 1462 - 1515 Louis de Valois. Brother-in-law of Charles VIII whom he succeeded as King of France in 1498. Was allied by marriage to the Borgias, and made Cesare Duke of Valentinois in 1500. Was Duke of Orleans until 1498

Next page: Biographical Index M - Z

*Adapted from the Index of Names compiled and listed by Geoffrey Parker in his translation of At the Court of the Borgia (Burchard).



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