Francesco II Gonzaga Historical Profile

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Francesco II Gonzaga
Historical Profile
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FRANCESCO GONZAGA STATS
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Name: Francesco II (aka Giovanni Francesco or Gianfrancesco) Gonzaga
Born: 10 August 1466
Home town: Mantua
Died: 29 March 1519
Position: Marquis of Mantua, Captain-General Venetian Army
House of: Gonzaga
Nickname: --
Personality type: Burly, masculine, liked the brothel
Famous for: famed condottiero, Lucrezia Borgia's lover, husnabd to Isabella d'Este
Strength(s): pretty successful warrior, well-loved ruler, strong family ties and allies
Weakness(es): liked the brotherl too well, died of syphilis
Quirks: --




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FRANCESCO GONZAGA BIO
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Gonzaga was born in Mantua, the son of Marquess Federico I Gonzaga. He had a career as a condottiero acting as Venice's commander from 1489 to 1498. He was the commander-in-chief of the army of the Italian league in the Battle of Fornovo, although under the tutorage of his more experienced uncle Ridolfo Gonzaga: although inconclusive, the battle had at least the effect to push Charles VIII's army back to the Alps. He was described as "short, pop-eyed, snub-nosed and exceptionally brave, and was regarded as the finest knight in Italy". Later he was rival of the Venetians, as leader of the Holy League formed by Pope Julius II. Isabella d'Este whom he had married on February 12, 1490. Under their reign, Mantua knew a great age of cultural splendour, with the presence in the city of artists such as Andrea Mantegna and Jacopo Bonacolsi. Francesco had the Palace of St. SebastianTriumph of Caesar were placed. On his death from syphilis contracted from prostitutes, he was succeeded by his son Federico, with Isabella acting as regent. His other son Ferrante GonzagaCounts of Guastalla. His disease prevented him from recognizing that his wife had eclipsed him.


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  • His wife Isabella d'Este was the most famous and influential woman in Renaissance Italy.
  • His lover Lucrezia Borgia was the most infamous and vilified woman in Reniassance Italy.
  • His sister Elisabetta married Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, son of the most successful condottiere in Renaissance Italy, Elisabetta was also celebrated for her kindness, learning, piety, and loyalty to Guidobaldo. Her life and times are immortalized in Baldassare' Castiglione's The Book of the Courtier.
  • His nephew Sigismondo was an influential cardinal during the High Reniassance in Rome [check this].
  • He patronized prostitutes frequently and died of syphilis.


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