King Charles VIII Historical ProfileThis is a featured page

SEE ALSO Borgias Home | Borgias Historical Profiles | Borgias Characters: King Charles VIII | France




Page Symbol
Charles VIII, King of France Historical Profile
Characters - The   Borgias Fan Wiki



page logo
KING CHARLES VIII STATS
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki

Name: Charles VIII of France
Home town: Amboise, France
Born: 30 June 1470
Died: 7 April 1498
Position: King of France (1489-1498)
House of: Valois
Nickname: Charles the Affable
Personality type: --
Famous for: --
Strength(s): --
Weakness(es): --
Quirks: --


"all Italians are dirty dogs
and the Holy Father is as bad
as the worst of them!"
- Charles VIII as reported by Commynes



page logo
KING CHARLES VIII BIO
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
Charles VIII(30 June 1470 - 7 April 1498) was a member of the House of Valois, a cadet branch of the ancient Capetian dynasty. He was born at Chateau d'Amboise son of King Louis XI and Charlotte of Savoy. He became king at the age of thirteen, but his rule was guided by his able sister, as Regent of France, Anne de Beaujei, Duchess of Bourbon. Firstly betrothed to Margaret of Austria, daughter of Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy, he was instead wed to Anne, duchess of Brittany, who was forced to break her own marriage contract with Maximilian I, to whom she was herself was affianced. Anne and Charles were married in December of 1491. Their union produced four children, all of whom died in childhood.

Observers described Charles as small, mis-shapen, ugly and not over-endowed with brains. When he took over the reins of power from his sister Anne in 1491, he was determined on military glory. Angevin barons exiled fromNaples urged him to invade that kingdom and to dispossess the illegitimate Aragonese kings. By 1494, others had added their persuasions - Ludovico il Moro wanted Charles's help to hold on to Milan in the face of his nephew's superior claims, andGuilana della Rovere Giuliano della Rovere implacable enemy of the Borgias, was anxious to undermine Pope Alexander VI's Neapolitan allies. Some Italians recognised the danger to the whole stability of Italy - one compared Ludovico to a man who 'set loose a lion in his house to catch a mouse'. Ultimately, Charles may have decided to invade Naples 'because he was young and silly and had bad counsellors', as contemporary writer Phillippe de Commynes stated.

But first, Charles had to buy off potential adversaries. He returned his jilted bride, Margaret of Burgundy, to her father Emperor Maximilian, along with her dowry and towns in Artois; he paid King Henry VII of England, then besieging Boulogne, a hefty pension; and he returned Roussillon and Cerdagne to Ferdinand of Aragon.



The French Conquest of NaplesNaples, c. 1466

The death ofKing Ferrante of Naples in 1494 and the succession of his brutal and unpopular son Alfonso, stirred the King into action. Charles entered Italy with little opposition. When his army reached Rome, Pope Alexander was unable to oppose him but was canny enough to refuse Charles the investiture of Naples, which was a papal fief. As a guarantee of Alexander's goodwill, Charles took Cesare Borgia with him as a hostage. However, two days after leaving Rome, Cesare escaped disguised as a groom, and made his way to the papal castle of Spoleto. The luggage that he had left behind was found to be empty. Suspecting, probably correctly, that the escape has been pre-arranged by the Pope, Charles flew into a rage and shouted that 'all Italians are dirty dogs and the Holy Father is as bad as the worst of them!'

page logoBefore Charles and his army got to Naples in February 1495, Alfonso abdicated in favour of his son Ferrante II and fled to Sicily. The French encountered few problems in taking over Naples but opposition was building. In Naples itself, the arrogance of the French aroused hostility. Foreign powers and the remaining Italian states were unwilling to see the French permanently installed in Naples.

The 'Holy League' - 1495

On 31st March 1495, Ferdinand of Aragon formed the 'Holy League or 'League of Venice', which united Spain, the Pope, the Empire, Venice and Milan (where Ludovico had repented of his previous pro-French attitude) in order to expel the French from the kingdom. When Henry VII joined in 1496, it was clear that this was a European-wide coalition against France.

Facing the prospect of being trapped in Naples, Charles took most of his army up through northern Italy. His army met that of the League, commanded byFrancesco II Gonzaga of Mantua, at theB Battle of Fornovo on 6th July 1495. The battle was a draw - Charles succeeded in retreating to France with his army but lost most of his booty from Naples to the opposing forces. He and many of his soldiers returned suffering from the common Italian malady of syphilis

In Naples, King Ferrante invaded from Sicily and with the help of a Spanish army under Gonsalvo de Cordoba, succeeded in reconquering the kingdom. On his death from malaria in September 1496 at the early age of 27, his uncle Frederick succeeded him as king.

Charles had not given up on his Neapolitan ambitions, and by 1497, he began to plan a new invasion. There were also rumours of secret negotiations with Spain. However, on 7th April 1498, Charles died, apparently of a brain haemorrhage, after striking his head against a lintel post at his beloved castle at Amboise. (juliana-angela)




page logo CONTEMPORARY VOICES
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
FROM NAME TO NAME:--



FROM NAME TO NAME:--




page logo KING CHARLES VIII QUOTES
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --



page logo KING CHARLES VIII TRIVIA
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --



page logo ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AND MATERIALS
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
BOOKS & PUBLICATIONS WEBSITES & MEDIA
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --



No user avatar
Kittywake09
Latest page update: made by Kittywake09 , Jan 24 2012, 11:21 PM EST (about this update About This Update Kittywake09 Link colours - Kittywake09

21 words added
25 words deleted

view changes

- complete history)
More Info: links to this page
Started By Thread Subject Replies Last Post
proletariatprincess Very young men... 0 Jan 28 2013, 10:04 AM EST by proletariatprincess
Thread started: Jan 28 2013, 10:04 AM EST  Watch
Charles VIII was only 24 when he invaded Nables in 1494 and his hostage, Cesare Borgia (born in 1476) was only 18. It is remarkable how youn these men were..
1  out of 1 found this valuable. Do you?    
Kittywake09 25 January 1476 -Anne of Brittany (wife of Charles VIII) was born 1 Jan 25 2012, 2:33 AM EST by offwithherhead
Thread started: Jan 24 2012, 10:51 PM EST  Watch
Anne's second marriage began badly: she brought two beds with her when she came to marry Charles, and the King and Queen often lived apart. She was anointed and crowned Queen of France at Saint-Denis on 8 February 1492; she was forbidden by her husband to use the title "Duchess of Brittany", which became a bone of contention between the two. When her husband fought in the wars in Italy, the regency powers were exercised by his sister Anne of Beaujeu. Pregnant for most of her married life, Anne lived primarily in the royal castles of Amboise, Loches and Plessis or in the towns of Lyon, Grenoble or Moulins (when the king was in Italy). She became Queen of Sicily and titular Queen of Jerusalem with the conquest of Naples by Charles VIII.

The marriage produced four living children, none of whom survived early childhood. Only the first, Charles Orland (11 October 1492 – 16 December 1495), survived infancy. A healthy and intelligent child, he was doted on by his parents, who both suffered terrible grief when he died suddenly of the measles. After him was born Charles, who lived for less than a month; and Francis and Anne, who each died almost immediately after being born. These tragedies caused a great deal of pain to Anne, who prayed openly for a son after the death of Francis.

Around her, there was a famous circle of court poets: among them the Italian humanist Publio Fausto Andrelini from Forlì, who spread the New Learning in France.
1  out of 1 found this valuable. Do you?    
Show Last Reply
Kittywake09 9 January 1514 - Anne Duchess of Brittany (Charles VIII's Queen) died 3 Jan 9 2012, 11:08 PM EST by Kittywake09
Thread started: Jan 8 2012, 10:06 PM EST  Watch
Anne celebrated her second wedding to Charles VIII at the castle of Langeais on 6 December 1491.

Anne's second marriage began badly: she brought two beds with her when she came to marry Charles, and the King and Queen often lived apart. She was anointed and crowned Queen of France at Saint-Denis on 8 February 1492; she was forbidden by her husband to use the title "Duchess of Brittany", which became a bone of contention between the two. When her husband fought in the wars in Italy, the regency powers were exercised by his sister Anne of Beaujeu. Pregnant for most of her married life, Anne lived primarily in the royal castles of Amboise, Loches and Plessis or in the towns of Lyon, Grenoble or Moulins (when the king was in Italy). She became Queen of Sicily and titular Queen of Jerusalem with the conquest of Naples by Charles VIII.

Anne failed to survive the winter of 1513-1514, dying of a kidney-stone attack at the Chateau of Blois. She was buried in the necropolis of Saint Denis. Her funeral was of exceptional length, lasting 40 days, and inspiring all future French royal funerals until the 18th century. The Requiem for Anne was probably composed by the famous composer Johannes Prioris.[2]





Reliquary of Anne of Brittany.
According to her will, her heart was placed in a raised enamel gold reliquary, then transported to Nantes to be deposited, on 19 March 1514, in the vault of the Carmelite friars, in the tomb made for her parents, later being transferred to the Saint-Pierre cathedral. The reliquary of the heart of the Anne, Duchess of Brittany is a box oval, bivalvular, made of a sheet of gold pushed back and guillochéd, articulated by a hinge, broadside of a gold cordelière and topped by a crown of lily and clover.
1  out of 1 found this valuable. Do you?    
Show Last Reply
Showing 3 of 5 threads for this page - view all

Related Content

  (what's this?Related ContentThanks to keyword tags, links to related pages and threads are added to the bottom of your pages. Up to 15 links are shown, determined by matching tags and by how recently the content was updated; keeping the most current at the top. Share your feedback on WikiFoundry Central.)