Pope Marcellus II

SEE ALSO Borgias Home | Renaissance Popes | History of the Vatican | Borgias Historical Profiles




Holy See Flourish
POPE MARCELLUS II

Characters - The   Borgias Fan Wiki


Holy See Flourish
POPE MARCELLUS II STATS
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki

Name: Marcello Cervini
Born: 6 May 1501
Home town: Montepulciano, Near Siena
Died: 1 May 1555
Position: Held Papacy from 9 April 1555 until 1 May 1555
House of:
Nickname:
Personality type: Cultivated and studious, Marcellus had a high reputation for integrity, tact and ability.
Hobbies: Collecting books.
Strength(s): Reformist, hated nepotism
Weakness(es):
Quirks:



Holy See Flourish
POPE MARCELLUS II BIO
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki

After a short, contentious conclave in which the French and the imperialist factions were equally balanced, the reform party was able to push through the election of their candidate, Marcello Cervini, as successor to Pope Julius III. Born in Montepulciano, near Siena, on 6 May 1501, son of an official in the Sacred Penitentiary (the tribunal of conscience) skilled in chronology, he studied at Siena and then at Rome, where Clement VII commissioned him to complete a revision of the calendar begun by his father. A cultivated scholar and bibliophile, when driven from Rome by plague in 1526 he translated Latin and Greek works into Italian and Latin, and made friends with leading humanists. Returning to Rome in 1531, he was taken up by Cardinal Farnese, who on becoming Pope Paul III made him protonotary apostolic and tutor to his nephew Cardinal Alessandro. As Paul relied heavily on Alessandro, Marcellus's influence in affairs ecclesiastical and political grew, and in 1539, 1540, and 1544 he was appointed successively bishop of Nicastro, Reggio Emilia, and Gubbio; on 10 December 1539 he was named cardinal priest of Santa Croce. Although largely an absentee, he cared conscientiously for his sees, energetically promoting reforms, he was also a devoted patron of the Servites and the Augustinian hermits. In these years he was much used on diplomatic missions to the French and imperial courts, being appointed legate to the latter in 1543. On 6 February 1545 he was chosen one of the three co-presidents of the Council of Trent, where his inflexible support for papal policies earned him the emperor's disapproval. In 1548 he was given the congenial task of reorganising the Vatican Library, and was made a member of Pope Paul III's reform commission. Under Pope Julius III he became its president, but his outspoken criticism of the pope's nepotism and indolent luxury made it necessary for him to retire to Gubbio.

Few elections have aroused such eager hopes as Marcellus's. Able and experienced , upright and zealous for reform, he seemed the chief pastor for whom the crisis-ridden church was crying out. He at once gave proof of his resolve to be guided by the strictest reforming principles. He cut the expense of his coronation to a minimum, reduced the size and cost of his court, deferred the examination of petitions for favours, and insisted that justice be impartially administered. To exclude nepotism he forbade his numerous relatives to come near Rome. He took steps to collect all reform documents prepared under
Julius III with the aim of promulgating a comprehensive reform bull. Then after a reign of twenty-two days, worn out be restless activity and the burden of his responsibilities, his frail constitution gave in and he died of a stroke. The first real reform pope, he is commemorated by the 'Missa' Papae Marcelli' which the great composer Palestrina, then a singer in the Sistine Chapel, wrote in response to his complaint about the quality of the Good Friday liturgical chants.


Holy See Flourish
CONTEMPORARY VOICES
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
FROM NAME TO NAME:--



FROM NAME TO NAME:--



Holy See Flourish
POPE MARCELLUS II QUOTES
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --


Holy See Flourish
POPE MARCELLUS II TRIVIA
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
  • Having reigned for just 22 calendar days, Pope Marcellus II ranks sixth on the list of 10 shortest-reigning Popes. His successor was Giampietro Carafa, Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals Pope Paul IV (1555–59).
  • He retained his baptismal name.



Holy See Flourish
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AND MATERIALS
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
BOOKS & PUBLICATIONS WEBSITES & MEDIA
  • The Oxford Dictionary of Popes by JND Kelly
  • The Popes by John Julius Norwich
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --

More pages