Pope Paul II

SEE ALSO Borgias Home | Renaissance Popes | List of Popes | History of the Vatican




Holy See Flourish
POPE PAUL II

Characters - The   Borgias Fan Wiki

Holy See Flourish
POPE PAUL II STATS
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki

Name: Petro Barbo
Born: 23 February 1417
Home town: Venice
Died: 26 July 1471
Position: Held Papacy from 30 August 1464 until 26 July 1471
House of: --
Nickname: --
Personality type: --
Hobbies: --
Strength(s): --
Weakness(es): Handsome, vain
Quirks: --



"Add Quote"

Holy See Flourish
POPE PAUL II BIO
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
Born at Venice on 23 February 1417, Pietro Barbo belonged to a rich merchant family and was originally intended for a business career, but took orders when his maternal uncle became pope as Eugene IV. Through him he rapidly became archdeacon of Bologna, Bishop of Cervia and then of Vicenza, protonotary of the Roman church, and (in 1440 when he was just twenty three) cardinal deacon. He was influential under Pope Nicholas V, who named him cardinal priest of the title church of San Marco, and Pope Callistus III but less so under Pope Pius II, whose successor he was unexpectedly elected at the first ballot. Dissatisfied with Pius's independent style and nepotism, the conclave had sworn an 18 point electoral pact defining the future pontiff's conduct and relations to his cardinals and requiring the calling of a general council within three years, but Paul immediately declared that he accepted these rules only as guidelines. He forced a modified version of them on the sacred college, thus losing its full trust. Had he fully implemented the reform prescriptions, the excesses of the so called Renaissance papacy might have been checked in advance.

Handsome, vain - he toyed with adopting the name Formusus II, and also the name Marcus being Venetian, but was dissuaded because it was the war-cry of the Venetians without intellect distinction, Paul loved display and delighted the people by sports and entertainments. He was a great promoter of carnivals - he permitted the horse race on the Via Lata, today known as Via del Corso - to the expense of which Jews were obliged to contribute. His decree of 19 April 1470 that, beginning with 1475, holy years should be held every twenty five years was characteristic. His taste for magnificence is illustrated by the Palazzo San Marco (now the Palazzo di Venezia), which he began building as cardinal in 1455 and made his chief residence in Rome from 1466. His abolition of the college of abbreviators, or papal draughtsmen, who were often scholars or literary men, in 1466, and his imprisonment and torture of the historian Bartolomeo Platina (1421 - 1481) when he protested, made him hated in humanists circles. So did his suppression of The Roman Academy (1468), which he suspected of cultivating pagan rituals and ideas,and his ban on the study of pagan poets by Roman children. But, far from being hostile to culture or humanism, he surrounded himself with scholars, restored ancient monuments, and eagerly collected artistic objects; he installed the first printing-press in Rome. Beginning in 1469, with the citizens' consent, he revised the statutes of Rome; and frowned on the acceptance of presents by officials in the papal state. He also, in 1470, imposed on corporations owning benefices a tax payable every fifteen years known as quindemia.

The continuation of the war against the Turks, and the use of the great alum mines discovered near Tolfa to finance it, were items in the electoral pact which Paul accepted. He at once began collecting funds and gave support, financial if not military, to sorely pressed Hungary and the heroic Albanian leader George Skanderberg (d1468). To create the peaceful conditions necessary he sought in 1469 to intervene in north Italy, where the death of Francesco Sforza of Milan in 1466 had brought dangerous instability. It was unfortunate that the prince best qualified to lead the campaign against the Turks, George of Podebrady, King of Bohemia (1458 - 71), was under the suspicion of Hussite heresy at Rome. When Paul came to the throne, efforts were made to settle the affair amicably , but in December 1466 the Pope felt obliged for a crusade against him. When Negropone (Evia) in Greece, the last out-post of Venice in the Levant, fell to Sultan Mehmet II (conqueror of Constantinople in 1453) in 1470, Paul issued a general summons to a crusade against the Turks and convened the Italian powers to a congress at Rome, but all he could obtain was a defensive alliance concluded on 12 December 1470. His diplomacy was more successful in the Middle East, where he made an alliance against the Turks with the Iranian prince Uzun Hassan.

Paul had excellent relations with Emperor Frederick III (1440 - 1493), who paid him a private visit in 1468 but failed to persuade him to organise a general Council at Constance. The prospect of a general council was constantly held over him as a threat in his difficult, in the end unsuccessful, negotiations with Louis XI of France (1461 - 1483) for the removal of the 'liberties' claimed by the French church under the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges. In his closing months Paul was planning to reconcile the Russian church with Rome by arranging a marriage between Ivan III of Russia (1462 - 1505) and the daughter Sophia (Zoe) Paliologia, now Catholic, of Thomas Palaeologus, exiled despot of Morea (d1465), but before the negotiations were completed he died suddenly of a cardiac arrest. The papal biographer Bartolomea Platina, as Vatican librarian (1475), took his revenge on him by painting his portrait in the blackest colours.



Holy See Flourish
CONTEMPORARY VOICES
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
FROM NAME TO NAME:--



FROM NAME TO NAME:--




Holy See Flourish
POPE PAUL II QUOTES
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --



Holy See Flourish
POPE PAUL II TRIVIA
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki

  • Paul died suddenly of cardiac arrest on 26 July 1471. Officially death was said to have been brought on following indigestion from eating melon; although a popular legend suggested that he had in fact died whilst being sodomised by a page. As a result, a power vacuum was created in Central Europe, especially after Podebrady himself died later that same year.
  • One of Paul's successors as pope suggested he should have been called Maria Pietissima, "Our Lady of Pity" as he broke into tears at times of crisis. Some historians have suggested the nickname was due either to Paul's propensity to enjoy dressing up in sumptuous ecclesiastical finery, or his possible homosexuality.


Holy See Flourish
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AND MATERIALS
Characters - The Borgias Fan Wiki
BOOKS & PUBLICATIONS WEBSITES & MEDIA
  • The Oxford Dictionary of Popes by JND Kelly
  • Ludwig Pastor (1894). The History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages
  • The Popes by John Julius Norwich

  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --
  • --


More pages