Spain - Famous Renaissance Men

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John Prince of Asturias
1478-1497
John Prince of Asturias


John Prince of Asturias, was born in Seville (Spain) on June 24, 1478 and died on October 4, 1497 He was the only male child of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, who survived childhood.

Whilst Isabella and Ferdinand's parents were involved in the War of Castilian Inheritances against Juana la Beltraneja niece Isabella, who was allied and yet married to King Alfonso V of Portugal, John was born.

John had a sister named Isabella, and after his birth three sisters, Joanna, Mary and Catherine were born, but on the birth of John, his mother Isabella was able to consolidate its position as Queen of Castile.

Alfonso V of Portugal sent the Princess Beatrice, Duchess of Viseu to negotiate peace with Isabella, as parents of John, they had won the war, the King and Queen of Portugal, in the year 1479. It is said that the Queen had a special adoration for her son John, she referred to him as 'my angel', that did not mean she scolded when the need arises.
In the year 1492, when Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Cuba Juana, named in honor of John.


King Ferdinand of Spain
King Ferdinand II
1452-1516
King Ferdinand II

Ferdinand the Catholic

With his marriage to Isabella of Castile, Ferdinand brought together Aragon, Léon, and Castile, uniting Spain for all time. His dual rule with Isabella saw the destruction of Moorish control of Southern Spain and following that, the extinction of practicing Jewry by the Inquisition. More . . .

Thomas di TorquemadaThomas de Torquemada
1420-1498
Thomas de Torquemada

He brought terror to all at the mention of his name.

Mild-mannered, soft spoken, and a believer in Christian charity, he was the Grand Inquisitor of Spain, responsible for the deaths of thousands and the expulsion of millions. His name is synonymous with the horrors of the Inquisition and the era of dread that it represented.
More . . .

Charles VCharles V
1500-1558
Charles V

The Greatest of Holy Roman Emperors.

His forty-year reign encompassed the end of the Renaissance, the rise of Luther and the Reformation, and the Catholic Reform movement. He also struggled to hold together the empire of German-speaking peoples, presided over the conquest of the New World, and reigned over the largest empire in European history. In 1558, he abdicated his throne, exhausted.. More . . .


Philip II
Philip II
1527-1598
Philip II

The “Spider of the Escorial.”

Driven by fears about his soul’s salvation, he was hard working, painfully pious, and a micromanager. Burdened by the glory of his father’s reign, he strove to match it; but ended up, after four marriages, a miserable sickly recluse isolated by his fear of Deus Irae!
s. More . . .


Ignatius de Loyola
St. Ignatius de Loyola
1498-1558
St. Ignatius de Loyola

The Marines of Christ!

He started as a Basque soldier whose terrible wounds brought about his conversion. He dedicated himself to reform and the salvation of souls. His efforts resulted in the foundation of the Jesuit Order, called the Society of Jesus, which became a major force in the Catholic Reform movement of the 16th and 17th centuries. More . . .


St. Francis BorgiaSt. Francis Borgia

A Borgia "Saint"


A long-time supporter of Ignatius de Loyola, Borgia eventually gave away his dukedom, entered the Jesuit Order, and in time became its general. He was responsible for enlisting some of the best minds in Europe into the order, and he is considered its “second founder”. More , , ,
Charles V
1500-1558

Barttolomeo de las CasasBartolomeo de Las Casas

Inspired the “Black Legend

Horrified by his participation in the atrocities committed by the Spanish occupation of Central America and the Caribbean, he joined the Dominican Order and devoted his life to trying to repair the damage. His History of the Indies has made him a “saint” to the indigenous populations. More , , ,
Bartolomeo de Las Casas
1484-1586

NOTE: Ferdinand through De Las Casas images and texts are from the Reform and Reformation Collection of Historical Figures(R) by George Stuart


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