TIMELINE of Renaissance Italy

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"Ideal City" (Piero della Francesca & Alberti)

Renaissance Italy is famous as a center of a sweeping artistic movement that spanned from about 1380 to 1600. The new forms of art, architecture, and mechanics led to a profusion of humanist accomplishments. Some changes in the mindset of Europeans along with the vast wealth of the Italian states and Papacy allowed the great flowering of art and culture we know as the Italian Renaissance. This trend spread outward and soon infected the entire European continent in a staggering diversity of artistic and other cultural achievements. The Reformation is sometimes thought to have cauterized some of the developments of the late medieval era, however, Europe had been well on its way to the Age of Reason, Scientific Discovery and the Enlightenment by the year 1650.

The "Renaissance Era" - in fact not actually an Era proper - was an advent, an essence, or a facet of this changing world view. The years between 1380 and 1530 were the transitional years from the Late Medieval and the beginning of the Early Modern era in Europe. By the year 1400 Italy contained a proliferation of cultural and religious centers unrivalled in Europe. Many of these holy sites originate during the early Christian times and the Middle Ages, and are places of pilgrimage. Italy was a highly cultivated land of fertile valleys and resource-rich mountain ranges, populated by a thriving, mostly urban people with a complex heritage including the splendors of ancient Rome, the wealth and might of the Lombards, and the global prestige of the Byzantine Empire. Italy was at the cultural, social, and economic crossroads of Europe.

1400 Medici Coat of ArmsPlague broke out again in Europe. The Black Death of 1348-50 killed 2/3 of Europe's population.
In Florence the Medici (coat of arms right) family becomes powerful.
Florentine sculptor, Luca della Robbia, was born.
April 28 - Italian jurist, Baldus de Ubaldis, died.
1401 Masaccio - the first great painter of the Quattrocento period of the Italian Renaissance - was born
July 23 - Duke of Milan, Francesco Sforza was born.
1402 Gian Galeazzo Visconti Duke and tyrant of Milan dies at age 51.
1403 Brunelleschi and Donatello go to Rome to study ancient ruins.
1404 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiLeon Battista Alberti Italian Humanist and architect was born in Genoa.
February 9- Last Byzantine Emperor, Constantine XI, was born..
October 17- Pope Boniface IX is succeeds by Pope Innocent VII (right) as the 204th pope.
1405 Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini - future Pope Pius II was born.
1406 The Signoria of Florence decreed that the city's 12 guilds had 10 years to fulfill obligations to decorate the Orsanmichelle Guild Centre.
1407 Genoa established a private bank to consolidate the city's debts, Bank of St George
1408 Giangaleazzo ViscontiValentina Visconti (died 4 December 1408) was the wife of Louis de Valois, Duke of Orléans, a younger brother of Charles VI of France. She was born in Milan and was the daughter of Giangaleazzo Visconti, the first Duke of Milan, and his first wife, Isabelle of Valois (a daughter of John the Good).
1409 March 25 - Council of Pisa opens.
June 26 - Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V.
August 7 - Council of Pisa closes.
1410 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiJohn XXIII is elected the Antipope.
Italian poet Masuccio Salernitano, was born.
Sienese painter, sculptor and architect Vecchietta, was born.
May 3 - Anti-pope Alexander V (right) died.
1412 January 16 - The Medici family made the official bankers of the History of the Vatican.
May 16 - Duke of Milan, Gian Maria Visconti, died.
June 5 - Marquis of Mantua, Ludovico II Gonzaga, was born.
1414 Francesco della Rovere future (Pope Sixtus IV) was born 21 July 1414 in Savona.
1415 Donatello carves St George.
Angelo Correr becomes Pope Gregory XII.
1416 Nanni di Banco installed his "Four Crowned Martyr Saints" at the Orsanmichelle Guild Centre.
Piero de Medici is born.
1417 End of the Western Schism, Pope Martin V elected and returns the papacy to Rome.
Pietro Barbo who becomes Pope Paul II is born.
1418 In Florence, Brunelleschi and Ghiberti submitted plans for the dome of the Cathedral of St Mary the Flower. The cathedral had been under construction for over 125 years.
1419 Brunelleschi designs dome for Florence Cathedral.
1420 Giovanni di Paolo painted a tiny gold ground triptych.
June 7 - Ending the independence of the Patriarchal State of Friuli, Troops of the Republic of Venice capture Udine after a long siege, run by the Patriarch of Aquilea.
1421 Florence passed a law giving Filippo Bruncelleschi what is thought to be the first true patent of invention for a barge with hoisting gear.
1422 Federico da Montefeltro commissioned 2 intarsia studiolas at Urbino and Gubbio.
The City of Venice has a population of 84,000 of which 200 men ruled.
The City of Florence has a population of 40,000 of which 600 men ruled.
1423 Pope Benedict XIII dies.
Lorenzo Ghiberti Sculpture of St Matthew is installed at the Orsanmichelle Guild Centre.
1424 Masolino sculpted his Pieta.
January 4 - Italian condottiero, Muzio Sforza, died.
June 5 - Italian condottiero, Braccio da Montone, died.
1425 Donatello executed the notable Crucifix for Santa Croce; this work portrays Christ in a moment of the agony, eyes and mouth partially opened, the body contracted in an ungraceful posture.
1426 Date unknown - "Castello Orsini-Odescalchi" is built in Bracciano, Italy by the Orsini family.

1427 Gentile da Fabriano dies.
October 14 - Italian painter, Alesso Baldovinetti born.
1428 MichelozzoIn the early 15th century, a new façade was added to the International Gothic Prato Cathedral in front of its old one. In the space between the two was created a narthex or corridor leading to the external pulpit, built byMichelozzo (right) and decorated byDonatello between 1428 and 1438.
1429 January 17 - Italian painter,sculptor and jeweler, Antonio del Pallaiolo, was born.
February - Founder of the Medici dynasty of Florence, Giovanni di Bicci de Medici, died.
Unknown - Florentine sculptor, Mino da Fiesole, was born.
1430 Eyeglasses become available.
1431 Pope Eugene IV named Pope.Cosimo "il Vecchio, pater patriae" de Medici
Andrea Mantegna Italian painter and engraver is born.
Cosimo de Medici (right) was arrested for seeking to elevate himself higher than others. With bribes he reduced his sentence from execution to banishment. His absence led to a financial crisis in Florence and he was quickly invited back.
1432 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiMay 5 - Italian adventurer, Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola, was executed.
June 1- Florence defeats Siena in the Battle of San Romano.
August 15 - Italian poet Luigi Pulci,was born.
Date unknown - Pope Innocent VIII (right) was born.
1433 September - Later the facto ruler of Florence and patron of Marsilio Fisino, Cosimo de Medici is exiled by the Albizzi/Strozzi faction. (A year later Cosimo return to the day in 1434)
October 19- Italian philosopher, Marsilio Fasino, was born.
Italian Dominican priest and monk Francesco Colonna, was born.
1434 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiThe Medici Family Dynasty begins to run Florence.
Jan van Eyck painted the 'Arnolfini Marriage" in Florence.
October 19- Is founded in Italy the University of Catania.
Italian poet Mateo Maria Boiardo, was born.
1435 The official start of the Italian Renaissance.
Andrea della Robbia was born in Florence.
In Italy, Francis of Paola found the Order of the Minims.
Florentine sculptor, Andrea del Verrocchio, was born.
1436 The 350 foot high dome of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence was completed.
November 16 - Dodge of Venice, Leonardo Loredan, was born.
1437 Sigismund Holy Roman Emperor died.
Italian Renaissance humanist Niccolo de Niccoli , died.

1438 Jacopo di della Quercia Italian Sculptor dies.
The siege of Brescia by the condottieri troops of Niccolo Piccinino in Italy, is raised after the arrival of Scaramuccia da Forli.
January 5 - Deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara, Pope Eugenius IV.
1439 DonatelloDonatello (right) completed his bronze statue of David around this time.
May 9 - Pope Pius III born.
September 8 - Ending Trancis signoria, Cardinal Giovanni Vitelleschi, captures Foligno.
October 20 - Italian theologian, Ambrose the Camadalian, died.
1440 Josquin des Prez French composer becomes popular in Italy.
March 9 - Italian nun, St. Frances of Rome, died.
April 1 or 2 - Italian bishop and soldier, Giovanni Vitelleschi, died.
1441 The Republic of Venice annexes the seigniory of Ravenna, ending the Da Polenta dynasty.
January 14 - Former lord of Foligno, Corrado IV Trinci, died.
1442 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiThe Pazzi Chapel in Florence was begun.
King Alfonso Vthe Magnanimous conquers Angevin-ruled Naples.
13 July - Vanozza dei Catanei (right) mistress of Pope Alexander VI, was born.
December 26 - Marquez of Ferrara,Niccolo III d'Este died.
1443 Cardinal Niccolo Albergati dies.
Giuliana della Rovere later Pope Julius II is born.
1444 The Iguvine Tables are discovered at Gubbio, Italy. January 24 – Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan born.
March 11 – Donato Bramante, Italian architect born.
1445 The Council of Florence ended.
Sandro Botticelli renaissance artist was born.
1446 Filippo Brunelleschi dies.
Petro Perugino is born.
1447 Pope Nicholas V founds the Vatican Library.
1449 Lorenzo de Medici is born.
Rodrigo Borgia Lanzol arrives in Rome from Spain, changes name to Borgia.
January 6 - Is crowned Byzantine Emperor at Mistra Constantine XI, and he will be the last in a line of rulers that can be traced to the founding of Rome.
April 7 - Felix V, the last Antipope, abdicates.
April 19 -Pope Nicholas V Is elected by the Counsil of Basel.
October 8 - Duchess of Milan, Bona of Savoy, was born.
Italian printer, Aldus Manutius was born.
Italian sculptor, Domenico Gagini was born.
Italian artist, Domenico Ghirlandaio was born.
March, Condottiero, Dolce dell Anguillara dies.
1450 The Florence of the Medici becomes the centre of Renaissance culture and humanism.
1451 Christopher Columbus is born in Genoa.
1452 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiLeonardo da Vinci (right) is born.
Ludovico Maria Sforza is born - da Vinci lived at Ludovico's court in the 1480-90s.
Girolamo Savonarola is born.
1453 Giovanni Spinetti of Venice built the first small piano called the Spinet.
The first pawn lender was founded in Perguia.
1454 Amerigo Vespucci Italian navigator is born in Florence America is named after him.
The city states of Venice, Milan and Florence signed a peace agreement at Lodi, Italy.
1455 Guido di Pietro (Fra Angelco) dies.
Alfonso de Borja becomes Pope Callistus III.
1456 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiEarthquake struck Naples and over 35,000 dies.
Pope Callixtus III appoints his nephew Rodrigo Borgia (right) cardinal.
A Comet in the sky causes the Pope to issue a catchall edict to his followers to pray for deliverance.
1457 Filippino LippiFilippino Lippi (right) painter is born.
May 22- Italian Saint, Saint Rita of Cascia, died.
August 1- Italian humanist, Lorenzo Valla, died.
Italian painter, Andrea del Castagno, died.
1458 Pope Callistus III dies.
Pope Pius II becomes Pope.
1459 Pope Adrian VIPierozzi Antoninus Italian archbishop, Saint dies.
March 2- Pope Adrian VI (right) was born.
October 30 - Italian humanist, Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini died.
Florentine painter and sculptor, Lorenzo di Credi, born.
1460 Piero della Francesca painted the "Resurrection" around this time.
December 14 - Italian humanist, Guarino da Verona, died.
1461 The Pope's godson discovered a source of alum used in dyes. This led to a booming business for the Church.
May 25 - Librarian of the Vatican Zanabi Acciaioli, born.
1462 Piero di Cosimo, Italian artist born.
1463 Giovanni Pico della MirandolaAlessandro Achillini Italian physician and philosopher was born.
February 24 - Italian philosopher, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (right), was born.
June 4 - Italian humanist, Flavio Biondo, died.
August 4 - Italian patron of the arts, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici was born.
November 15 - Prince of Taranto and Constable of Naples, Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, died.
1464 Piero the Gouty (Bronzino)Pico della Mirandola Italian Renaissance Philosopher was born.
Piero "The Gouty" de Medici (right) succeeded his father Cosimo as ruler of Florence.
Aneas Silvius Piccolomini became Pope Paul II.
1465 June 10 - Italian statesman and jurist, Mercuriano Gattinara was born.
September 11 - Italian poet, Bernardo Accotti was born.
1466 Francesco Sforza, duke of Milan (Bonifacio Bembo, c. 1460)Francesco Sforza (right) dies.
Andrea Doria is born.
June 18 - Italian music printer Ottaviano Petrucci, was born.
August 10 - Marquess of Mantua, Francesco II Gonzaga, was born.
August 26 - Is discovered in Florence a conjure against Piero di Cosimo de Medici, led by Luca Pitti and Borso d' Este.
December 13 - Italian artist, Donatello, died.
1467 Leon Battista Albertiinvented the poly alphabetic cipher.
Some of the abbreviators are arrested and tortures by Pope Paul II and one of them was Filip Callimachus.
April 26 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appears in Gennazzano, Italy.
1468 Pope Paul IIIPope Paul III (right) is born as Alessandro Farnese.
Lorenzo the Magnificentand Giuliano de Medici succeed their father as joint rulers of Florence.
Italian Cardinal, Mariano Ascanio Caracciolo was born.
October 7 - Lord of Rimini, Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, died.

1469 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiNiccolo Machiavelli (right) political adviser and author is born.
Piero de' Medici dies.
Lorenzo de Medicitakes power in Florence.
June 20 - Duke of Milan, Gian Galeazzo Sforza was born.
Italian politician, Silvio Passerini was born.
October 8 - Artist Filippino Lippi, died.
1470 The earliest work of Botticelli was made.
May 20 - Italian cardinalPietro Bembo was born.
Italian dance master, Domenico da Piacenza, died.
1471 Pope Paul II26 July - Pope Paul II (right) dies Francesco Della Rovere becomes Pope Sixtus IV.
February 15 - Piero di Lorenzo de Medici ruler of Florence was born.
August 20 - Borso d' Este, Duke of Ferrara died.
1472 Fra Bartolomeo Florentine Renaissance painter is born.
Leon Battista Alberti Italian humanist, architect dies. He also wrote the first Italian grammar.
1473 In Siena the Monte dei Paschi began taking deposits and making loans to the poor at better rates than the moneylenders. ** As of 2010 this is the worlds oldest existing bank!
Lorenzo de Medici wrote "It is hard to live in Florence if you do not control the state."
1474 Angela Merici Italian monastery founder and she became a Saint was born.
Ludovico Aristo Italian poet was born.
Ercole de Roberti painted St Jerome in the Wilderness.
1475 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiMichelangelo Buonarroti (right) was born.
Cesare Borgia was born.
Andrea del Verrocchio created his sculpture 'Sleeping Youth"
Pope Sixtus IV celebrated the Holy Year by building the Sistine Chapel and the Sixtus Bridge.
Italian Architects invited to Russia by Ivan III built the Kremlin Cathedrals of the Assumption of the Arch Angel.
1476 Christopher Columbus swam ashore from a burning ship.
Galeazzo Maria Sforza duke of Milan was assassinated in front of the church of San Stefano in Milan
Tiziano Vecelli a.k.a. Titian was born.
11 July -Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances He would go on to be a Cardinal and would be elected Pope Julius II.
1477 Sandro Botticelli painted La Primavera around this time frame.
Giorgione Italian painter was born.
1478 Pazzi conspiratorsattacked Lorenzo de'Medici and his brother Giuliano de'Medici at High Mass - Lorenzo escaped but Giuliano was mortally wounded.
Baldassare Castiglione Italian diplomat and writer was born.
1479 Gentile Bellini Italian artist was selected by the Venetian government to work at the court of the
Ottoman Sultan Mehmid II.
Venice signed a peace treaty with Mehmed II ending 16 years of war.
1480 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiLucrezia Borgia (right) was born.
Giovanni Bellini painted St. Francis in the Desert.
Sandro Botticelli painted The Birth of Venus.
1481 One of the world's oldest surviving cookbooks was written in Italy. In 1997 it was valued at $37,000
Possible date that Leonardo da Vinci painted The Annunciation
1482 Luca della Robbia Italian Artist dies and his nephew Andrea della Robbia continues his uncle's work.
1483 Pope Sixtus IV celebrated the first mass in theSistine Chapel which was named in his honour.
Felice della Rovere illegitimate daughter of Pope Sixtus IV was born.
1484 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiPope Sixtus IV died. His rule was marked by blatant nepotism and he was involved in a conspiracy to over throw the Medici.
Cardinal Cibo was crowned Pope Innocent VIII.
Pope Innocent VIII (right) issued a bull deploring the spread of witchcraft and heresy in Germany. He orders that the cats belonging to witches who are to be burned, be burned also.
1485 Sandro Botticelli painted Venus and Mars around this time.
1486 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiChristopher Columbus convinces Queen Isabelle of Castile (right) to fund expedition to the West Indies.
Andrea del Sarto Italian Renaissance artist was born. e represented what Vasarai called 'The terza maniera' the third or modern manner of painting.
Pico Mirandola challenges scholars of all of Europe that he would defend a list of 900 thesis drawn from various languages, later he wrote "On the Dignity of Man" - what was to become the defining literary work of Renaissance Humanism.
1487 Pope Julius IIIPope Julius III (right) was born.
Lorenzo the Magnificent orders a giraffe and a Cardinal's hat for his 13 year old son from Pope Innocent VIII. In return for the hat Lorenzo promises the hand of his eldest daughter for the Pope's illegitimate son.
1488 Outbreak of the plague.
1489 It is around this time that Italian sculptor Tullio Lombardo created his sculpture "Adam".
1490 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiChristopher Columbus was permitted to make his proposal to King Ferdinand (right) and Queen Isabella he asked to become a Noble with eternal title to his family. He was initially turned down and he went to England and France but was then called back and his requests were met.
1491 Astronomers reported a bright comet for 48 nights. An Italian astronomer saw it again in 1825 and it became known as Quadrantids Meteor Shower.
1492 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiThe Medicis went bankrupt,Lorenzo de Medici (right) died.
A contract was signed byChristopher Columbus and Spain giving Columbus a commission to seek a westward passage to find the Indies.
Columbus was given specific privileges regarding the discovery and conquest of islands and a new continent in the western ocean.
Columbus set sail with his fleet "The Nina, The Pinta and the Santa Maria" from the Canary Islands. He missed Florida because he changed course and landed on what he named San Salvador.
Lead pencils were first used in Italy.
1493 4 May - Pope Alexander VI gives most of the New World to Spain via the Papal Bull 'Inter Caetera'.
1494 Start of the Italian Wars - Charles VIII, King of France invades Naples.
In Venice the Aldine Press opened and published the first pocket editions of poetry and Greek Classics.
1495 Formation of The Holy League (known as the League of Venice between Venice, Spain, the Papacy, Milan, aim was to to expel the French King, Charles VIII, from Naples.
1496 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiJanuary 3 - Leonardo da Vinci (right) unsuccessfully test a flying machine.
March 10 - Ending his second vistit to the western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus leaves Hispaniola for Spain.
August 5 - Making it the oldest American City and permanent settlement in the New World, Bartholomew Columbus, brother of Christopher Columbus, founds the city of Santo Domingo, now part of Dominican Republic.
September 25 - Italian soldier and statesman, Piero Capponi, died.
November 1 - Italian humanist writer, Filip Callimachus, died.
Italian architect -Giovanni Battista da Sangallo Giovanni Battista da Sangallo was born.
Italian humanist scholar- Agostino Steuco was born.
Italian sculptor, Pietro di Francesco degli Orioli, died.
Italian artist - Ercole de' Roberti, died.
1497 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki14 June - Juan Borgia, Duke of Gandia murdered.
25 February -Italian troops reconquer Tarantoin France.
10 May - Itallian navigator Amerigo Vespucci leaves for the first voyage to the New World.
13 May - Pope Alexander VI excummincates Girolamo Savonarola (right).
22 July - Italian painter, Francesco Botticini, dies at about 52.
1498 La Pieta by Michelangelo23 May - Girolamo Savonarola executed by burning in Florence.
7 April - Florence, Italy, crowd storm Savonarola's convent.
27 July - Italian bookseller/writer, Vespaciano da Bisticci, dies about 77.
26 August - Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pieta (right).
1499 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiThe Second Italian War (1499-1504) commences, Louis XII invades Milan to assert his claim of inheritance of the duchy by his grandmother Valentina Visconti.
Italian military leader, Cesare Hercolani, was born.
Italian painter,Giulio Ramono was born.
Italian mathematician, Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia, was born.
Italian explorer, John Cabot, died.
31 March - Pope Pius IV (right) was born.
29 August - Florentine painter, Alessio Baldovinetti, died.
1 October - Italian philosopher, Marsilio Ficino,, died.
1500 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiDuke Ludovico Sforza (right) recaptures Milan, but is soon driven out again by the French.
Treaty of Granada (1500): Louis XII of France andFerdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
1501 Niccolo Machiavelli, Detail (Sante de Tito)30 October - The Ballet of the Chestnuts is held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace of Rome.
17 January -Cesare Borgia returns triumphantly to Rome from Romagna.
6 May - Pope Marcellus II was born.
7 May - Cardinal Giovanni Battista Zeno, died.
20 September - Doge of Venice, Agostino Barbarigo, died.
24 September - Italian mathematician, physician, astrologer and gambler, Girolamo Cardano, was born.
1 November - Amerigo Vespucci discovers and names All Saints Bay.
As well as the starts of the constellation Crux, which were below the horizon in Europe, Amerigo Vespucci maps the two Stars Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri.
To begin work on the statue David,Michelangelo return to his native Florence.
Niccolo Machiavelli, (above right) the famous Florentine political theorist, statesmen and writer, marries Marietta Corsini, who bears six children.
Italian painter, Girolamo da Capri, was born.
1502 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki26 December - Cesare Borgia (right) kills Ramiro de Lorca, this incident is referenced in Machiavelli's The Prince.
31 December - Cesare Borgia occupies Urbino, where he imprisons two potentially teacherous allies, Vittellozzo and Oliveretto; he executes them the next morning.
1503 31 December -Cesare Borgia occupies Urbino, where he imprisons two potentially teacherous allies, Vittellozzo and Oliveretto; he executes them the next morning.
11 January - Italian artist,( Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola) Parmigianino, was born.
13 February - Near Barletta, thirteen Italian knights defeat 13 French knights in the Disfada di Barletta.
22 March - Italian writer, Antonio Francesco Grazzini, was born.
20 May - Italian patron of the arts, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, died.
28 June - Italian poet, Giovanni della Casa, was born.
18 August - Pope Alexander VI died.
Pope Pius III22 September -Cardinal Francesco Piccolomini, becomesPope Pius III (right) and succeeds Pope Alexander VI as the 215th Pope, but died on October 18.
18 October - Pope Pius III died.
31 October -Pope Julius II succeeds Pope Pius III as the 216th pope, though some sources list , November 1 as the actual date of election.
17 November - Italian artist and poet Agnolo di Cosimo was born.
28 December - Ruler of Florence, Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, died.
Leonardo da Vinci start to work on the Mona Lisa "The Gioconda".
Paints his masterpiece the "Visitation of the Virgin", Mariotto Albertinelli.
1504 David17 January - Pope Pius V born.
April - Italian painter Filippino Lippi, died.
8 September - In Florence, Michelangelo's sculpture of David (right) is situated.
November - Italian novelist and poet, Giovanni Battista Giraldi, was born.
Colombino, the project foreman, fails to follow da Vinci's design, and the project is a mayor failure,when Leonardo da Vinci's and Machiavelli become involved in a scheme to divert the Arno River, cutting the water supply to Pisa to forced its surrender in Florence.
Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo were commissions by the Signoria of Florence, to paint the walls of the Grand Council Chamber in the Palazzo Vecchio.
The Marriage of the Virgin, which exemplifies some mayor principles of High Renaissance art, is painted by Raphael.
Italian astronomer Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara, died.
1506 Pope Julius IIAlbrecht Durer returns to Venice.
January 22- To serve as permanent ceremonial and palace guards, the Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican, under Pope Julius II (right).
April 18 - Replacing the Old Saint Peter's Basilica, Pope Julius II lays the foundation stone of the new (current).
May 20 - Italian explorer Christopher Columbus, died.
1507 Cesare Borgia died at the siege of Viana, 12 March 1507 at the age of 31.
1508 The War of the League of Cambrai, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League and by several other names was a major conflict in the Italian Wars. The principal participants of the war, which was fought from 1508 to 1516, were France, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice; they were joined, at various times, by nearly every significant power in Western Europe, including Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the Duchy of Milan, Florence, the Duchy of Ferrara, and Swiss mercenarie
1509 Caterina Sforza25 January - Italian Cardinal Giovanni Morone, was born.
27 April - Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict and excommunication to cede part of Romagna to Papal control.
10 May - Caterina Sforza (right) Countess of Forli, died.
11 June - With illustrations by Leonardo da Vinci, Luca Pacioli's De divina proportion, concerning the golden ratio, is published in Venice.
Italian philosopher and natural scientist,Bernadino Telesio was born.
Italian Cardinal, Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio, died.
1510 Bianca Maria Sforza17 May - Italian painter Sandro Botticelli, died.
10 July - Queen of Cypress, Catherine Cornaro died.
22 July - Duke of Florence, Alessandro de Medici, was born.
27 July - Condottiero, Giovanni Sforza, died.
15 September - Died, Saint Catherine of Genoa.
31 December - Wife of Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, Bianca Maria Sforza (right), died.
Is formed to defend the Italian States, The Holy League.
Thomas Wolsey was inspired, in his construction work at Hampton Court Palace by Paolo Cortese, publishes De Cardinalatu, a manual for cardinals, including advice on palatial architecture.
Italian inventor of the Gregorian Calendar, Aloysius Lilius, was born.
Italian composer, Claudio Veggio, was born.
Italian lexicographer, Ambrogio Calepino, died.
1511 18 June - Florentine architect and sculptor Bartolomeo Ammanati, was born.
30 July - Italian painter and architectGiorgio Vasari was born.
Italian music theorist and composer Nicola Vicentino was born.
1512 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki22 February - Italian merchant and cartographer, Amerigo Vespucci (right), discoverer of the New World, died.
12 August - Italian philosopher, Alessandro Achillini, died.
TheMedici family come back into power when The Florentine Republic is dismantted.
Italian architect, Galeazzo Aless, was born.

1513 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiPope Leo X succeeds Julius II. Pope Leo X, the son of Lorenzo de Medici, continues the trend of the Golden Age.
Niccolo Machiavelli (right) publishes The Prince often considered the most influential political book of all time, The Prince outlines the argument that it is better for a ruler to be feared than loved.
1515 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki6 February - Venetian printer Aldus Manutius (right) died.
21 July - Italian churchman, Philip Neri, was born.
October - Venetian general, Bartolomeo d' Alviano died.
5 November - Italian painter Mariotto Albertinelli, died.
Italian Renaissance sculptor and architect, Pietro Lombardo, died.
1519 Francesco II GonzagaLeonardo da Vinci dies. Leonardo, perhaps the most remarkable individual of the Renaissance, dies in France, having established himself as a painter, sculptor, engineer, and scientist.
29 March - Marquess of Mantua, Francesco II Gonzaga (right), died.
13 April - Queen of Henry II of France, Catherine de Medici, was born.
4 May - Duke of Urbino, Lorenzo II de' Medici, died.
27 May - Italian humanist historian, Girolamo Mei, was born.
6 June - Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist, Andrea Cesalpino, was born.
12 June - Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo I de' Medici, was born.
24 June - Duchess of Ferrara, Lucrezia Borgia, died.
22 July - Pope Innocent IX born.
1520 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki5 October - Italian Cardinal, Alessandro Farnese (right), was born.
Italian music theorist, lutenist, and composer, Vicenzo Galilei, was born.
Italian mannerist painter, Giovanni Battista Moroni was born.
Italian composer Filippo de Lurano died.
1521 Pope Leo X3 January - In the Papal Bull Decet Romanum Pontificem, Pope Leo X (right) excommunicates Martin Luther.
4 August -Pope Urban VII born.
9 October - Duke of Parma, Ottavio Farnese was born.
1 December - Pope Leo X died.
13 December -Pope Sixtus V born.
1522 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki2 February - Italian mathematician Ludovico Ferrari, was born.
23 April - Italian prioress Catherine of Ricci was born.
25 June - Italian composer Franchinus Gaffurius died.
11 September - Italian naturalist Ulissi Aldrovandi, was born.
Italian painter - Fiorenzo di Lorenzo (Adoration of the Magi - right),died.
1523 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiPope Clement VII (right) ascends the papal throne and comes to power in difficult times. He soon proves himself an incompetent politician, and his poor decisions lead to the Sack of Rome.
14 September - Pope Adrian VI died.
Italian anatomist and physician, Gabriele Falloppio was born.
Italian painter, Bartolomeo Montagna, died.
1524 The Italian campaign of 1524–25 was the final significant action of the Italian Wars 1521-26.
1 March - Lands near Cape Fear (approx .date) Giovanni da Verrazzano.
Italian painter Andrea Solari, died.
1527 6 May - Sack of Rome.
16 May - A group devoted to the memory of Girolamo Savonarola name The Piagnon in Florence, drive out the Medici for a second time, and Florence re-establishes a republic that last until 1530.
21 June - Italian writer and statesman Niccolo Machiavelli, died.
Italian artist Giuseppe Arcimboldo was born.
Italian composer and organist Annibale Padovano was born.
Italian Dominican priest Francesco Colonna, died.
Italian sculptor and architect Cristaforo Solari, died.
1528 Andrea Doria seizes power in Genova and switches alliance from France to Spain.
1529 The peace of Cambrai assigns Burgundy to France and Italy to Carlos I.
1530 Tthe Medici family is overthrown and Florence becomes an archduchy of the German empire (only Venice and Rome remain independent states).
1531 The Medici produced four Popes of the Catholic Church and in 1531 the family became hereditary Dukes of Florencia
1532 The Prince is published five years after death of the author Niccolo Machiavelli.

1534 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiPerugia is taken by the Popes.
Alfonso I d'Este (right) dies.
1535 Milan's occupation by Spain begins.
Francis I of France conquers Savoy and Piedmont, seeking to gain Milan.
1575 The Black Death kills over 50,000 victims in Venice.
1576 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiEnrico Caterino Davila (October 30, 1576 – May 26, 1631) was an Italian historian and diplomat .Born in Sacco, near Padua, he descended from a Spanish noble family. His name was given in honour of Henry III of France (right) and Catherine de Medici.
1577 6 February - Beatrice Cenci was an Italian noblewoman. She is famous as the protagonist in a lurid murder trial in Rome was born,
1578 5 February - Giovanni Battista Moroni born c. 1520/21 was a North Italian painter of the Late Renaissance period. He is also called Giambattista Moroni. Best known for his elegantly realistic portraits of the local nobility and clergy, he is considered one of the great portrait painters of sixteenth century Italy died.
1579 4 October - Guido Bentivoglio d'Aragona was an Italian cardinal, statesman and historian was born.
1580 1 December -Giovanni Morone (or Moroni) was an Italian cardinal. He was named Bishop of Modena in 1529 and was created Cardinal in 1542 by Pope Paul III. As a cardinal, he resided in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace and was consulted by Saint Ignatius, founder of the Jesuits was born.
1581 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki17 February - Fausto Poli a Roman Catholic prelate and Cardinal was born.
Born in Usigni in Umbria, as a young man he went to Rome and was soon noticed by Maffeo Barberini, a cleric of the Apostolic Chamber and a fellow Umbrian from nearby Spoleto, soon to become Pope under the name of Urban VIII (right). In 1632 he was made Majordomo and Prefect of the Lateran palace, in which posts he was responsible for supervising church and court ceremonial. In 1633 he was consecrated titular archbishop of Amasia in partibus.
1582 24 February – Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar.
1583 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki13 September -Girolamo Frescobaldi (right). The composer was born in Ferrara, Italy. His father Filippo was a man of property, possibly an organist, since both Girolamo and his half-brother Cesare became organists.(There is no evidence that the Frescobaldi of Ferrara were related to the homonymous Florentine noble house.)
1584 Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wiki2 October -Charles Borromeo (right) was a saint and cardinal of the Catholic Church. He worked during the Counter-Reformation and was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church, including the founding of seminaries for the education of priests. Borromeo was the nephew of Pope Pius IV. Along with Anselm of Lucca, he was one of only two cardinal-nephews to have been canonized.
1585 24 April – Pope Sixtus V succeeds Pope Gregory XIII as the 227th pope.
1586 Caesar Baronius publishes a new edition of Roman martyrology.
1587 Francesca Caccini (September 18, 1587 – after 1641) was an Italian composer, singer, lutenist, poet, and music teacher of the early Baroque era.
1588 Bernadino Telesio (1509–1588) was an Italian philosopher and natural scientist. While his natural theories were later disproven, his emphasis on observation made him the "first of the moderns" who eventually developed the scientific method.
1589 San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, is completed by Domenico Fontana.

Timeline of Renaissance Italy - THE  BORGIAS   wikiAlessandro Farnese (5 October 1520 – 2 March 1589), an Italian cardinal and diplomat and a great collector and patron of the arts, was the grandson of Pope Paul III (right) (who also bore the name Alessandro Farnese), and the son of Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma, who was murdered in 1547.
1590 December 5 – Gregory XIV succeeds Urban VII as the 229th pope.
1591 October 29 – Pope Innocent IX succeeds Pope Gregory XIV as the 230th pope.

June 21 - Saint Aloysius Gonzaga Castiglione delle Stiviere, Lombardy was an Italian Jesuit and saint died.
1592 January 30 – Pope Clement VIII (born Ippolito Aldobrandini) succeeds Pope Innocent IX, who died one month earlier, as the 231st pope.
1593 January 27 - Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno.
1594 February 2 - Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian composer of Renaissance Music.
May 31 - Tintoretto, Italian painter died.
1595 September 17 - Pope Clement VIII recognizes Henry IV as King of France.



1629 The Italian Plague started in 1629 and lasted until 1631.






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